Project Description

Cultivar Profile

Leccino Olive Tree

Olea europaea ‘Leccino’

Cultivar Profile

Leccino Olive Tree

Olea europaea ‘Leccino’

The Leccino olive tree is one of the primary cultivars used in Italian olive oil production. It is best known for its Tuscan origins and delicate flavor profile.

All across Italy, it is considered one of the primary cultivars found in olive groves. While it originated in Tuscany, it is now grown all over the world and does well in California and the northwest. Its olive oil flavor is delicate so it’s most commonly blended with Pendolino. But it’s also interplanted and blended with Frantoio, Coratina and Moraiolo to produce more flavor.

Specifications

Fruiting

Fruiting

Beautiful Fruiting Specimen

Olive Oil

Sweet

Leccino fruit is purple-black, although it is advised to pick it when purple green at its optimal time. Oil volume is lower than other cultivars and delicate in flavor. The oil is mildly fruity and frequently blended with other cultivars’ oil.

Bloom

Spring

Inconspicuous, white flowers; prized for evergreen foliage and its fall fruit.

Country

Italy

Type

Single- and Multi-Trunked Tree

Foliage

Leathery Gray-Green Color

Growth

Vigorous

Size

Can reach 25 to 30 ft. tall if given opportunity, 25 ft. wide dense canopy

Uses

Commercial Use

Coastal Exposure, Container, Mass Planting (high density), Specimen – Leccino is not self-pollinating and requires a pollinator, such as Pendolino.

Zones

USDA 8 – 11, Sunset 24

Hardiness

Hardy down 20 to 30 °F

Light

Full sun

Water

Once established, water occasionally.

Water more frequently in extreme heat or containers. Newly planted olive trees will require more water to establish.

Soil

Well-drained, nutrient poor soil

Light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils all acceptable. Olive trees prefer well-drained soil and even grow well in nutritionally poor soil. Hot, rocky locations. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils.

Care

Thrives in most average, slightly alkaline, well-drained soils, but it is highly adaptable. Must be planted near another olive variety for pollination. Water deeply, regularly during first few growing seasons to establish an extensive root system. Once established, reduce frequency; tolerates drought. Shelter young plants from winter extremes.

Written references can be found near the end of the Middle Ages to Leccino, and it is considered generally one of the oldest cultivars from Italy. Leccino has become more popular over the past 50 years and is now commonly grown in California, Chile and Australia, among other olive oil growing regions.

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