Project Description

Cultivar Profile

Coratina Olive Tree

Olea europaea ‘Coratina’ aka ‘Racioppa di Corato’

Cultivar Profile

Coratina Olive Tree

Olea europaea ‘Coratina’ aka ‘Racioppa di Corato’

The Coratina olive tree is often grown in the shape of an inverted conical vase. It’s characterized by early production and by its adaptability to different soils and climates.

Highly adaptable, Coratina produces abundantly in hot dry climates, including rocky soils. Genetically, Coratina is one of the olive cultivars that synthesize the highest content of phenolic compounds. This results in exceptional oxidation stability of its extra-virgin olive oil.

Specifications

Fruiting

Fruiting

Fruiting Specimen

Olive Oil

Sweet

Small fruit with very small pit. It has a surprising amount of flesh, yielding high in oil at the mill, which is intensely sweet and aromatic. When freshly-pressed, the Coratina olive oil may taste bitter and unbalanced, with a bit of a slightly sharp sensation. But, the uniqueness of the Coratina olive oil is given by its distinctive acylglycerol profile, with its oleic acid content close to 80%. Impressively it has exceptional oxidation stability of its extra-virgin olive oil.

Bloom

Spring

Inconspicuous, white flowers; prized for evergreen foliage and its fall fruit.

Country

Italy

Type

Tree

Foliage

Dark Green Color

Growth

Moderately vigorous to 20-25 feet high

Size

Can reach 35 to 40 ft. tall if given opportunity, 25 ft. wide canopy

Uses

Commercial Use

Coastal Exposure, Mass Planting (high density), Orchard, Specimen

Zones

USDA 8 – 11, Sunset 24

Hardiness

Hardy down 20 to 30 °F

Light

Full sun

Water

Once established, water occasionally.

Water more frequently in extreme heat or containers. Newly planted olive trees will require more water to establish.

Soil

Well-drained, nutrient poor soil

Light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils all acceptable. Olive trees prefer well-drained soil and even grow well in nutritionally poor soil. Hot, rocky locations. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils.

Care

Thrives in most average, slightly alkaline, well-drained soils, but it is highly adaptable. More productive when planted near another olive variety, such as Frantoio, Leccino, or Moraiolo. Cortina’s do best planted near other olive trees. Water deeply, regularly during first few growing seasons to establish an extensive root system. Once established, reduce frequency; tolerates drought. Shelter young plants from winter extremes.

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