Project Description

Cultivar Profile

Arbequina Olive Tree

Olea europaea ‘Arberquina’

Cultivar Profile

Arbequina Olive Tree

Olea europaea ‘Arbequina’

This self-fruiting olive tree is prized for its dark brown fruit, highly aromatic oil content, and its attractive, silvery green foliage.

Highly adaptable, Arbequina produces abundantly in hot dry climates. It has increased hardiness over other varieties (cultivars), withstanding temperatures as low as 5 degrees. Makes a beautiful specimen shrub or small tree. This hardy olive cultivar originated in the 17th century Spanish village of Arbeca.

Specifications

Fruiting

Fruiting

Beautiful Waterwise Fruiting Specimen

Olive Oil

Sweet

Small fruit with very small pit., It has a surprising amount of flesh. The oil is very sweet and aromatic. The shelf life is short.

Bloom

Summer

Inconspicuous, white flowers; prized for evergreen foliage and its fall fruit.

Country

Spain

Type

Tree

Foliage

Gray-Green Color

Growth

Slow

Size

Can reach 35 to 40 ft. tall if given opportunity, 25 ft. wide canopy

Uses

Landscape and Commercial Use

Coastal Exposure, Container, Kitchen Garden, Mass Planting (high density), Specimen, Topiary – Arbequina is used in a wide variety of applications.

Zones

USDA 8 – 11, Sunset 24

Hardiness

Hardy down 20 to 30 °F

Light

Full sun

Water

Once established, water occasionally.

Water more frequently in extreme heat or containers. Newly planted olive trees will require more water to establish.

Soil

Well-drained, nutrient poor soil

Light (sandy), medium (loamy) and heavy (clay) soils all acceptable. Olive trees prefer well-drained soil and even grow well in nutritionally poor soil. Hot, rocky locations. Suitable pH: acid, neutral and basic (alkaline) soils.

Care

Thrives in most average, slightly alkaline, well-drained soils, but it is highly adaptable. More productive when planted near another olive variety. Arbequina’s do best planted near other olive trees. Water deeply, regularly during first few growing seasons to establish an extensive root system. Once established, reduce frequency; tolerates drought. Shelter young plants from winter extremes.

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